Report: Trade treaties threaten Canadian fisheries
The reports says that new trade treaties jeopardize fisheries regulation. Credit: Kyle Flood/ CC BY-SA 2.0
A new report from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) says that the proposed Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) threatens the sustainability of Canadian fisheries and fishing communities.
Globalization, Trade Treaties and the Future of the Atlantic Canadian Fisheries describes how new treaties could undermine the ability of Canadians to pursue public policies that curb domination of the fisheries by large corporations and help spread the benefits of the fishery more widely among independent fishers and coastal communities.
When properly regulated within sustainable ecological limits, international trade is vital to the economic well-being of the Atlantic Canadian fisheries, says the report, but the trade and investment treaties now under negotiation go far beyond eliminating tariffs.
“Just as the freezer trawlers that ply the world’s oceans today are far more extractive and destructive than earlier fishing vessels, so the latest trade and investment treaties are more intrusive than previous ones,” says the report’s author, CCPA senior researcher Scott Sinclair.
Leaked documents reveal that the EU is pressuring Newfoundland and Labrador and Quebec to abolish minimum processing requirements for fish. Minimum processing requirements provide provincial governments with critical leverage to maximise local benefits. Mr Sinclair notes that “without such regulation, these decisions would be left to large fish processing companies to make with no consideration for any other factors than how it affects their corporate bottom line.”
While the CETA exemptions protecting federal regulatory authority over fisheries are fairly strong, there are serious shortcomings in the proposed reservations for provincial measures. Unless provincial governments insist on stronger protection, the report concludes, “they will be surrendering their future legislative and constitutional power through which the wealth generated by fish and other natural resources could contribute to the sustainable development of their province.”
The full report can be downloaded here.